I don't understand what you're asking. Are you asking what consciousness is?
I'm am asking what awareness is, because I know its not phyiscal- if the rules I listed above are true, and are in fact the limitations on all matter and energy. I'm a strong advocate of science, and of logic.
Ok, good. That's a real question. It's a good question, and it's one science doesn't have a solid answer for yet. And that's Ok.
Science does know some things about awareness however. Gorillas and dolphins can recognize themselves in a mirror, dogs and cats don't. However, dogs, cats, squirrels, horses and most mammalian life
appears to have some problem-solving capability. Fish and reptiles do NOT. Gorillas and dolphins appear to be able to conceptualize things in an abstract manner, although to a much more limited degree than humans. They BOTH use
tools. They appear to 'think' about a problem and come up with a solution. However, their capacity is very limited. They don't think about black holes, or even what 'thought' is. They seem to be limited to immediate and pressing matters, like: "how do I get the ants out of the anthill?", or "how do I open that clam to eat the soft parts?"
So, I want to caution you about the difference between 'awareness' and 'abstraction'. The mind is definitely made up of matter, and that matter follows physical rules. This doesn't mean that there is any physical 'truth' to abstract thought, however.
Honestly, and I know this is starting to get technical, but the best work being done on what constitutes 'consciousness' or 'awareness' doesn't come from medicine or psychology. It comes from computer sciences, specifically from Artificial Intelligence. In order to recreate 'consciousness' we need to know what it actually is. And there isn't a good answer yet. One school of thought says that we might be able to recreate 'consciousness', even without knowing what it is, simply by trying to duplicate various relevant components. Basically, build a computer that can LEARN (which we CAN do) and give it robotic arms, eyes, ears and then let it work out the rest for itself. See if we can get it to 'realize' that it can move its arms and eyes. Akin to how a baby 'finds its hands'. See if we can get it to 'understand' human language simply by connecting the vocal patterns with actual consequences in physical reality. etc, etc.
Concerning human consciousness, one idea that I think makes a lot of sense is this:
The brain is basically a form of biological computer. It operates on a totally different set of rules than electronic ones, but overall, that's what it does. This biologic hardware is simultaneously running many, many programs and functions (in the software sense). Each of these programs run things like your heart beat, breathing, digestive processes, blood pressure, blinking the eyes, sensory inputs, etc. The theory then says that 'consciousness' is a program that monitors the other programs
and produces an overall 'status' of self. Specifically, it links memory, sensory input and situational awareness to construct an image of self and problem solving.
This is, of course, a gross simplification. The 'consciousness' program is clearly extremely complex. However, since we can observe animals displaying rudimentary versions of this, it's quite clear that it has been 'under development' for a very long time. The human consciousness is likely the product of a minor genetic mutation, affecting the brain, that allows us to abstract to a MUCH greater degree than the rest of the animal kingdom. A minor change in the linkage of neurons that produced a major benefit. This would clearly
have been a MAJOR advantage to proto-humans, and therefore the mutation quickly dominated the gene pool. In this sense, consciousness itself, is an abstraction within the brain.