It strikes me as evident, based on modern archeology and by looking at the dating of actual extant religious manuscripts (100-200 AD for the very earliest Jewish manuscripts, 200-300 AD for the very earliest Christian manuscripts, and 700-800 AD for the very earliest Islamic manuscripts), that Abrahamism is an after-the-fact patchwork of political rationalizations and outright fraud.
But even I was a little surprised this morning to notice scholars' easy acceptance of the scientific finding a decade ago that the Dead Sea scrolls are written with iron gall ink
. I won't try here to go into the special place given to the scrolls in ostensibly legitimizing the historicity of certain early Christian and Jewish groups. For the moment I'm just interested in this one question: How could the Dead Sea scrolls have been written in 100 BC - 100 AD if iron gall ink wasn't even discovered and used until many centuries later?http://www.knaw.nl/ecpa/ink/ink_history.html
The earliest use of iron gall ink is hard to establish. The reaction between tannin and iron salt to create a colored product was already known in Antiquity. Gaius Plinius Secundus (23 -79 A.D.) describes an experiment in which he dripped a solution of iron salt on papyrus that had been soaked in a tannin solution. The pale brown papyrus immediately turned black upon contact with the iron salt. http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:YhPjLFb_dPMJ:www.scienceinschool.org/2007/issue6/galls/+%22iron+gall+ink%22+%22dead+sea+scrolls%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=10&gl=us
It was not until centuries later that this reaction was deliberately used to produce ink...
The first certain reference to iron-gall ink is in Martianus Minneus Felix Capella’s book De Nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii et de septem Artibus liberalibus libri novem (On the Wedding of Philology and Mercury and of the Seven Liberal Arts in nine books; 420 AD), which mentions a mixture of galls and gum. Although other recipes have been preserved, all agree on the basic ingredients: galls, ferrous sulphate (copperas), water and gum arabic...
Antiquities fraud had developed into a highly refined and very remunerative endeavor for a century even before the Dead Sea scrolls popped up in the very midst of the 1947-1948 Zionist ethnic cleansing of the indigenous Palestinians. Until I see evidence that iron gall ink was actually in use in the Middle East in 100 BC through 100 AD, I have to strongly suspect -- though obviously can't prove -- that the Dead Sea scrolls may be just another part of the propaganda fraud.