How would this be enforceable?
First off, no law is perfect. You will be able to point to a hole in whatever I propose, which will in some way, large or small, provide room for bad people to do bad things. That does not mean we should not have better rules. We have laws against murder, yet people get murdered anyway. That does not mean we should not have laws against murder.
That said, I think there are a lot things that could be done. I have a theory that there are more or less law abiding citizens doing bad things simply because there is no requirement for them to do otherwise. I am talking about the sellers of guns without any kind of check on who they are selling them to. I think there are occasions where people are selling guns and don't want to know who is buying them or what for.
Gun dealers in these states also have little incentive to care who they sell to, since the law likely won't punish them -- South Carolina has no penalties for straw purchases, and North Carolina, has no penalties for buying guns with false information. http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/new-york-tough-gun-laws-weakened-states-article-1.1431333
So, my first step would be to put some responsibility back on the sellers. All of them, not just licensed dealers. You could require background checks on all gun transfers. Not doing so would be a felony. You could require the transfer of ownership off any gun to be through a registered firearms dealer. To do otherwise would be a felony.
As an additional penalty, you could revoke gun ownership rights for people who break that law. In fact, I'd make that a blanket rule. We do that for drunk drivers. Drive drunk, you lose your license. Break a gun law, lose all your guns.
Not reporting stolen guns within 48 hours off discovering they were stolen would be a felony.
I think in the end though, there has to be a gun registry, just like there is for cars, if you really want to keep guns away from criminals. That way you can track back who owned what gun and figure out who is culpable for arming criminals.
I'm all for background checks and eliminating the loophole, but it only keeps the honest people honest.
And the murder laws are only obeyed by people who don't murder.
The gangs of inner city Chicago aren't buying guns in another state through a loophole.
Are you sure? Most of the guns used by criminals in NYC are procured out of state.
The federal government's recent analysis shows that while 420 of the illegal guns recovered in the city had originally been sold within New York State - accounting for the largest single-state total - a majority of the guns had been sold in other states, like Virginia, Pennsylvania, North Carolina and Georgia.http://www.mayorsagainstillegalguns.org/html/media-center/nyt_022808.shtml
Two weeks ago, Mayor Bloomberg stood in City Hall and announced an astonishing statistic - some 90 percent of guns used in crimes in New York City come from out-of-state. Today, we saw the sad reality of that frightening statistic.http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/new-york-tough-gun-laws-weakened-states-article-1.1431333
Thanks to the extraordinary work of our dedicated law enforcement professionals, more than 250 illegal firearms - including handguns, a fully automatic machine gun, and high capacity assault weapons - were taken off the streets, the largest seizure of illegal guns in city history.
Tellingly, more than half of those guns were funneled from North Carolina, with the rest from South Carolina - two states with weak gun laws compared to ours. In those states, unlike New York, gun owners who lose their weapons or claim that they were stolen are not required to report the loss to the police.
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives traced 8,793 guns seized in New York in 2011 and found that just 1,595 were bought in the state.http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/ny_thugs_guns_flood_in_from_all_jQBgtK1Kjv0EGOTRksDgEJ