Way too much quoted material. Please do not repost large amounts of text - use only the smallest amount needed
Hawking's energy doesn't seem to violate the laws of conservation. Even if it did, the universe would demonstrate loss of mass, rather than a gain in mass. Given enough time, the universe therefore should disappear, which in an infinitely old universe, doesn't make sense. In a created universe, that's a different story.
might show how conservation is conserved. Still, if there is a net loss or even a gain, it probably is compensated for in some way in other dimensions anyway. We'll have to ask physicists what they think.
It seems atheists in this forum struggle the most not so much with these intuitive proofs, but rather with the idea of suffering. Suffering doesn't disprove a deity. Deists have no problem with a god that allows suffering. Deists would only be validated with a god who doesn't reveal himself to atheists. And by the sounds of it, many "atheists" on this forum are actually deists because they seem to believe in the god of nothing, the nothing god that created the universe. There is no difference.
One would think that a Eutheos, as you call him (I think it means "immediate" in Greek, not "good God", but let's run with it today), shouldn't create suffering and death, at least with our finite understanding. The ultimate "meaningless" life would be one, therefore, that is terminated early, that hadn't even had a chance to grow mentally or spiritually. How could a Eutheos ever do this? And what about natural tragedies?
A theologian explained to me once that somehow God is not responsible for the evil in this world, not just by human hands, but by natural disasters, famine, disease, etc. In fact, it may be that He is stopping most of them all the time, who knows. But if they are, indeed, evil, then definitely the source wasn't Him. Could it be there is a powerful unseen set of beings he created that have free will, but choose to go against His Will? Seems to fit the model. Those on this forum talk about spontaneous creation, parallel universes and black holes and such. To think there are finite beings on a different spiritual plane (or dimension) that are more powerful than us isn't much off base than this!
Another question is, if he allows or creates an earthquake, is it actually good? If a wolf eats a deer, is it good? For some, it seems cruel, godless. But our Indian tribe friends seem to take all of Nature is a beautiful thing, even the death of prey. So why not earthquakes and hurricanes? After all, they have a purpose. We'll only have this answer when He decides it's time for us to know.
But one thing we know for sure, he allows our
evils, only because we have free will. This we do know about, and should concentrate on.
Still, we can look to the future. We probably won't enjoy the optimal world our Eutheos has planned in our lifetime. This future might even have suffering and death as well. But what we might regain, that once was lost, will be a great understanding of it all, and therefore tremendous peace, and a close communication with the Eutheos, that most likely will bring a great deal of true happiness as well, despite any (hopefully not) shortcomings.
We should all work together towards His final plan, so it comes as soon as possible, and not impede it. Then eventually we might even have all our proofs, all our answers. They'll come. In the meantime, even though this final plan isn't complete yet, doing this work still provides much meaning, with a measure of peace, happiness, spiritual growth, but yes, frustration, pain or even death for others. Still, our world is a testimony to the progress we've made so far. A lot of neat things have come up even in the last couple of decades. So there is a ton of hope.
There is also the possibility of an after-life. A Eutheos would delight in this for us, wouldn't you? Then use your logic, and your heart. An after-life gives one a sense of meaning to all that suffering (granted, not a complete explanation-- not yet). Face to face with the Eutheos, then for sure, 100% proof, all the answers will be ours. But what a trivial goal. There's so much more that we can enjoy and share right here on Earth, before heaven. This is done through spirituality.
This spirituality on our Earth is so lacking (for theists like us, even more so--we have even more responsibility in this lifelong process that we have keep working at, and perhaps we share more of the blame for its hampered progress than we would care to know). It's the teamwork the Eutheos wants us to have so that He becomes more and more present in our hearts, with its byproduct of producing a better world altogether. But because of our free will, it is up to each of us how much to open this spiritual faucet, so to speak. This is a contagious and synergistic process. In other words, the more people who allow God in their lives to work in and through them, the more His Kingdom is present right here in our world.
What's cool is that on the way to this Kingdom on Earth, together with the Eutheos, we can knock out some big problems this forum keeps addressing, and rightly so: poverty, injustice, you name it, because these act as impediments to our spirituality, and these must go! There's much more beyond just the elimination of these things that's waiting for us! With a freed up spirituality highway, it will be so much easier and better for the next one joining in this Kingdom to enjoy its fruits, and work along with us to make it each time better. (Stragglers can enjoy it too. But the more helping out, the sooner it will come, and the better their personal lives will be for it too.)
Finally, everyone, especially
theists, wants "proof". I would love to see major and minor miracles over and again. But don't wait for miracles. Even if the sun danced in the sky for you and thousands of others as your witnesses, it wouldn't change your life much at all. In fact, most would still have doubts, no matter how big the miracles, no matter how often they came. But if you got your own miracle (and I hope and pray you do, if that's the only barrier that you forced between yourself and God) that would be just a small start. The real question is what would you do after that miracle that you wouldn't do right now anyway?