#3: The supernatural interferes with the natural, but in a manner and at a level that we are unable to detect.
... so far.
Stephen King hates science and scientists and anyone who likes science. In a comment on one of his stories he says, "unless you are one of the horrible people who want to take things apart to know how they work". In The Stand
the scientists are the dupes of Evil. In Golden Years
the scientist is clownishly evil. The result is that when King tries to write some, uh, science fiction 'cause it's so popular for some reason he can't understand, he writes outright junk like The Tommyknockers
One exception (and I doubt King knows it) is Carrie
. In it my "... so far." is realized. Generally speaking, science changes the world and the supernatural does not. Science, as its Latin root word implies, is knowledge -- but a public knowledge. Carrie not only develops supernatural power but demonstrates that in an irrefutable public way. A lot of scientific
phenomena are not completely understood. It's been 350 years since the discovery of gravity and electrical and magnetic forces. It's been about 200 years since we demonstrated how to make magnetism with electricity and electricity with magnetism. We talk about gravity but where are the tractor beams we ought to have by now? We should have a gravity generator in the ceiling my parents' place so they could cut their weight to half and walk around easily. There is a lot we don't know about gravity but it is still not supernatural. In Carrie telekinesis, including telekinesis in a major destructive way, is proven. They don't know how to generate it but the public and government is left terrified by the proof of it. They are left wondering what next, rather than, people will think we are crazy if we tell anyone about this. So Carrie
starts as horror fantasy and ends up as science fiction.
For a real world example, one of my country relatives way back when, at the end of a thunderstorm saw ball lightning come into the kitchen and float around until it went towards a porcelain covered pan. It hit it with a bang! and blew a circular section of the ceramic off the steel. Yet, ball lightning was held by many to be a superstition and my relative's experience would be written off that way. Just some superstitious person from the backwoods. Any avowal I would give that she was an atheist would have been dismissed. Electrical charges cannot stand by themselves. They need something to charge up and something to insulate the opposite charges of negative and positive. A gas won't hold a charge very long because by definition its particles are mobile and the opposite ions will find each other. So ball lightning would have to be a stable plasma and that can only exist in the presence of intense radio waves. Typical of the supernatural, it disappears without a trace. It was attested to as often as ghosts and to some, it was the same thing. The psychological explanations were rather wide, eg, temporary blindness and afterimage from the brightness of nearby lightning or a hysterical fear and a vision of the Jungian Self.
But recently ball lightning was created in the laboratory. In comes from a lightning strike hitting sand and vaporizing it and the sand recondensing a moment later as a puffball of extremely fine glass fibers. These hold the charge and the whole thing is lighter than air. When it extinguishes the solid part of it breaks into scarcely noticeable dust.
So, I am not original in this, but I define the supernatural (since it has such sketchy anecdotal evidence) as the collection of things generally regarded as supernatural.