Azdgari, the NT claims to quote Jesus a lot, so we do have a claimed source from the horses mouth so to speak. They also claim to be eyewitnesses of the things Jesus did. Big claims.
Traveler, so you say there is no evidence for a creator, but what about all the evidence that indicates evolution hasn’t happened, see below?
ParkingPlaces, yes I’m suspicious, specifics, try this circular reasoning from Astronomy... ‘Astronomers don’t know for sure how the universe made its first stars, but they do have a reasonably good guess. (As you can imagine, there’s no way to observe the formation of the first generation of stars, so all the work is based upon theoretical considerations.) The best scenario has molecular hydrogen playing the role of the cooling agent. If the clouds from which stars formed were some four to five times denser in the early universe than they are today, then enough collisions between hydrogen atoms would have taken place to create a lot of molecular hydrogen. The big question is: Were the first galaxies that much denser? Obviously the overall density of the universe was much higher back in the early days, but no one knows whether the star-forming clouds were this much denser. Most astronomers would say that the fact that stars do exist tells us that the density was higher back then, because otherwise there would be no stars … Nowadays, of course, nature has found a simpler, easier way to cool the clouds (with water), so that’s what she uses.’ Talking Back, Water, water (almost) everywhere, Astronomy 27(6):16, 1999.
So, if you don’t mind the idea of hell or what christians do, then why don’t you question the theory of evolution more closely?
Velkyn, if you did some research into the % of people in aid organisations who are hristians you will find a lot are doing helpful jobs like removing land mines. “none of you seem to want to leave it”... how many Christians do you actually know? There are about 2 billion of them on the planet. And you can’t say you know there is no hell because you haven’t died yet, you just hope there is no hell, just like I hope there is no hell.
Samothec, why does suffering exist yes, its a big question, but bigger still is why do we die, why don’t we live forever?
Anfauglir, there is just a lot of things that point to evolution not happening, that’s all.
Here are a few of them...
“Despite decades of sustained selection in relatively small, sexually reproducing laboratory populations, selection did not lead to the fixation of newly arising unconditionally advantageous alleles." "The probability of fixation in wild populations should be even lower than its likelihood in these experiments." --Burke, Molly K., Nature, Vol. 467, pp. 587-590.
“the natural world is often characterized by gaps, or discontinuities. One type of gap relates to the existence of 'organs of extreme perfection', such as the eye, or morphological innovations, such as wings, both of which are found fully formed in present-day organisms without leaving evidence of how they evolved."-- Reznick, David N., Nature, Vol. 457, pp. 837-842.
"major transitions in biological evolution show the same pattern of sudden emergence of diverse forms at a new level of complexity." "The principal 'types' seem to appear rapidly and fully equipped with the signature features of the respective new level of biological organization. No intermediate 'grades' or intermediate forms between different types are detectable." Koonin, Eugene V. Biology Direct, Vol. 2:21, pp. 1-17.
All fossils are of complete animals and plants, not works in progress "under construction".
Every plant and animal, living or fossil, should be covered inside and out with useless growths and have parts under construction. This is what the theory of evolution predicts, but it is not observed anywhere.
"The number of intermediate varieties which have formerly existed on Earth must be truly enormous. Why then is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and gravest objection which can be urged against my theory." Darwin 1859, pp. 279–280
The gradual morphing of one type of creature to another that evolution predicts is nowhere to be found in the fossil record.
Gaps in the fossil record are especially huge between single-cell creatures and complex invertebrates (such as snails, jellyfish, trilobites, clams, and sponges) called the Cambrian Explosion and then again between them and fish.
Dragonflies appear suddenly in the fossil record, fully formed.
Archaeopteryx is not a transitional form. "We now know that the transition into true birds -- physiologically and metabolically -- happened well after Archaeopteryx." --October 2009. American Museum of Natural History News Release.
"Different genes told contradictory evolutionary stories. We've just annihilated the tree of life...Biology is vastly more complex than we thought.” Lawton, Graham. 21 January 2009. Why Darwin was wrong about the tree of life. New Scientist Magazine, Issue 2692.
Microbes, insects, plants, and animals do not fit a "tree of life" with linear descent. There is no pattern to their similarities and differences because each one is a uniquely designed, complete creature.
Wings would have had to evolve completely independently four times: in insects (with multiple different types of wings), flying reptiles, birds, and bats.
Evolutionists think bioluminescence evolved independently 40 to 50 separate times. --Haddock, Steven H.D., 2010. Annual Review of Marine Science, Vol. 2, pp. 443-493.
A photographic study of growing vertebrate embryos was conducted in 1997 that found that Ernst Haeckel’s drawings were so far from reality that they could not have been done from the actual embryos. Richardson, Michael K., Anatomy and Embryology, Vol. 196, No. 2, pp. 91-106.
"Maybe it's time to correct the textbooks, many biology texts today still refer to the appendix as a vestigial organ." W. Parker. August 12 2009, Journal of Evolutionary Biology.
The types of bird beaks, the colors of moths, leg sizes, etc. Are only variation in the gene pool, not evolution
There are strict limits to variation that are never crossed, something every breeder of animals or plants is aware of.
There is much variation in bacteria and fruit flies. There are many mutations. But they never turn into anything new. They always remain bacteria or always remain fruit flies. Many years of study of countless generations of bacteria and fruit flies all over the world shows that evolution is not happening.
Parts of living creatures are constructed of intricate components with connections that all need to be in place for the thing to work, controlled by many genes that have to act in the proper sequence. Natural selection would not choose parts that did not have all their components existing, in place, connected, and regulated because the parts would not work.
Mutations in DNA happen fairly often, but most are repaired or destroyed by mechanisms in animals and plants.
All known mutations in animal and plant germ cells are neutral, harmful, or fatal.
The theory of Evolution violates The Second Law of Thermodynamics (law of increasing entropy) which says that natural processes proceed in only one direction, toward equilibrium and disorder. This is always observed in nature. It prohibits any functioning biological mechanism from falling together by pure chance
The theory of Evolution also violates The Law of Biogenesis. Established by Louis Pasteur, it simply says that life only comes from life. Chemicals never fall together and life appears.
The famous 1953 Miller/Urey experiment only produced some amino acids.
Amino acid molecules that form proteins, and nucleotide molecules that form DNA and RNA resist combining at any temperature. To combine, they need the help of mechanisms in a living cell or a biochemist in an organic chemistry laboratory.
DNA is made of only right-handed versions of nucleotides, while proteins are made of only left-handed versions of amino acids.
The smallest known genome (Mycoplasma genitalium) has 482 genes. Most bacteria have 1000 to 4000 genes. Everything about the cell is stunningly complex. Plants and animals contain a great variety of cells. The human body has about 210 different types of cells.
Cells are made of proteins. Proteins are generally 50 to 2000 amino acids long. The temperature and chemical concentrations must be right for a protein to fold correctly, and many proteins get help from special proteins called "molecular chaperones". Chaperones can keep proteins separated from each other while they are folding, prevent mistakes in folding, and even unfold mistakes to give the protein a second chance to get it right. After helping one protein fold, a chaperone will go help another one fold. Science News, December 1, 2007, Vol. 172, p. 342
"The complexity of living organisms is staggering." Alberts, Bruce, 2008. Molecular Biology of The Cell, 5th edition. Garland Science, New York.
The basic things necessary for a cell to function are:
Replication, recombination, and repair
Cell cycle control, mitosis, and meiosis
Cell wall/membrane biogenesis
Signal transduction mechanisms
Intracellular trafficking and secretion
Post-translational modification, protein turnover, chaperones
Energy production and conversion
Carbohydrate transport and metabolism
Amino acid transport and metabolism
Nucleotide transport and metabolism
Coenzyme transport and metabolism
Lipid transport and metabolism
Inorganic ion transport and metabolism
Secondary metabolite biosynthesis, transport, and catabolism
Darwin wrote in chapter 6 of On the Origin of Species that "natural selection can act only by the preservation and accumulation of infinitesimally small inherited modifications, each profitable to the preserved being... If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down."
Cells have mechanisms that maintain the original design of a creature within its variation boundaries, and minimize the accumulation of mutations. These include:
A proofreading system that catches almost all errors
A mismatch repair system to back up the proofreading system
Photoreactivation (light repair)
Removal of methyl or ethyl groups by O6 - methylguanine methyltransferase
Base excision repair
Nucleotide excision repair
Double-strand DNA break repair
Harmful mutations happen constantly. Without repair mechanisms, life would be very short. The mechanisms not only remove harmful mutations from DNA, they also remove all mutations, so evolution can’t happen.
The theory of evolution cannot explain how gene regulatory networks came to be.
"The theory is in trouble because it insists on locating the driving force solely in random mutations." Prof Richard C. Strohman, March 1997, Nature Biotechnology.
"We do not know how the transition to digitally encoded information has happened in the originally inanimate world; that is, we do not know where the RNA world might have come from." Vasas, Vera, January 26, 2010. PNAS, Vol. 107, No. 4, pp. 1470-1475.