What other logical options are there?
An excellent, excellent question!
It would seem that there had to have been either an uncaused something or various uncaused somethings in order for something to ever come about.
This is an assumption. That's not criticism, because every single thing that happens around us has a cause, then that cause had a cause, and so on. So, logically there MUST have been an "Original Cause" that was itself Uncaused, by logical necessity, right? This basically the Cosmological/Kalam/First Cause argument.
Here is why that assumption (and the Cosmological/Kalam argument) fails: The "BB Singularity" wasn't just a compression of all the matter and energy in the universe into a single point, it was the compression of Space-time too!
Space-time..... and I don't mean Past and Future, I mean the progression of time, tick-tock-tiiiick-tooooock-tiiiiiiiii..........
The Cosmological/Kalam/First Cause argument ASSUMES time exists externally
from everything else. It FAILS to acknowledge that TIME itself began (or stopped, depending on which way you look at it) at the BB. TIME was the EVENT. A cause logically CAN'T occur here because "before time" is a contradiction.
1) There was an "Uncaused Event", meaning no God(s) or ANY OTHER causes exist AT ALL, BY DEFINITION, or
2) The compression of spacetime reduced the distance between Cause and Effect to ZERO, or at least less than one unit of Plank-Time. In other words, Cause and Effect MUST have been simultaneous
, which makes sense, given that Time was stopped/started at T=0. Not only simultaneous, but indistinguishable
! Neither one can be identified as the "cause" or "effect", also by definition, right? Welcome to 100% All-natural spontaneous self-creation.
Option #2 is actually at the cutting edge of theoretical physics today, because, well, the math works. As far as we can tell, it seems possible (only) at T=0, under known physical conditions applicable to the BB, to have cause and effect mutually self-trigger
No one studies Option #1 because, if true, there isn't a cause and thus nothing to study.
It makes no sense to me believe that there was nothing that was uncaused for if that were the case then wouldn't that mean that there at some point would have been a void of initial and total nothingness? And if so, then wouldn't it always be that way?
This is the easy part. Where did the energy come from?
Do you mean the Void that existed "before time"? Even if I grant that, The Uncertainty Principle produces a counter-intuitive, but logical, solution. There are many values that exist in "uncertain" relationships in physics. The most common one discussed is the uncertainty of position and momentum. The more accurately you know one, the less accurately you know the other. But other values exist with uncertainty too. An important one is Time-Energy uncertainty.
At the BB, Time is PRECISELY known. T=0. Period. So the energy content of the Void has infinite UNcertainty. That's not necessarily to say the universe actually has infinite energy, but that the total amount of energy of the universe could take on ANY discrete value up to infinity. Any "True Void" is unstable and MUST break-down instantaneously. An eternal, True Void is not physically possible. An instantaneous one is possible, but those create universes.
Furthermore, if the void is infinitely large, this will happen in infinitely many places. Hello multiverse.
But, perhaps you mean that since 0=0, how can anything come from that? Well, because "zero" isn't unitary. In fact, it's infinitely the opposite of unitary. LOTS of things equal 0, like obviously 0, but also 3 - 3, or 5 - 5, or X - X. As long as you have a "negative something" to balance out the "something", it's possible. In other words, while you CAN'T get "something" for nothing, you CAN get "something plus negative something" for nothing.
That "negative something" is Gravity. It's the reason why matter emits gravity and gravity works on matter. The price of matter, is gravity. They are linked, by necessity, "X" and "-X". Therefore, overall, the universe has ZERO net energy, and no rules are broken. Furthermore, if this occurred, the geometry of the produced universe would HAVE to be FLAT. Want to guess what geometry our universe has?
So now were up to 100% All-natural spontaneous self-creation, ex-nihilo
, as an actual physical possibility