"Where were you when I was laying the foundation for the earth? Who determined its measurements?
Where was I when they laid the foundation of my house or school? Does it matter? I find it irrelevent. After they found out it was round, and by choosing to use either metric, imperial or nautical system, I'd say Humans determined it's measurements. Since you, you all-knowing god neglected to tell us this. What's the point of me gloating about what cookies I may have in my pantry if I refuse to share them or let you know what kind they are? I may as well not have any cookies in my pantry!
On what are its foundations sunk? Who laid its conerstone?
Since the Earth is in the gravity well of Sol, there is no foundation or cornerstone.
Have you ever in your life commanded the dawn to know its place, that it might take hold of the foundations of the earth and shake the wicked out of it?
Well, I already touched upon the foundations (punny I know
). You cannot shake the "wicked out of it" because of this force explained by the Theory of Gravity. As for "commanding the dawn" well, the Earth is a sphere and it is constantly rotating, which means there's always some place on Earth that's experiencing dawn, and if the earth would stop rotating, a spot on the Earth would experience perpetual dawn till the Earth started rotating again. No commanding of Dawn is necessary.
Have you been to the storage houses for snow and hail?
We call them "clouds" and yes I have been to them in an airplane, actually a few different jets in the course of my life time. They're not actully what I would call a "storage house" either, just a collection of condensed and frozen water vapor that is held aloft by wind until the mass of the frozen water through gravity becomes too great to be held aloft by such winds. Definately not a "house" or a "room" at all.
Tell me the place where lightning is dispersed, and where the East wind is from!"
There is no place lightning is from and after the flash, to where it goes. It is a visual display of the transference of electrons between, usually, the lower parts of the clouds and the ground... there is more to it than "visual display" but no need to explain all the details to an "all-knowing god."
Well, anyone would know that the "east wind" would come from the east... that's a duh... but I guess you want something more specific. Well, the Earth is round so there's no place you can go that you can go "all the way to the east" because you'll start comming from the west. Winds are created via convection, as warmer air raises from a "hot spot" goes up into the atmosphere as it cools, then it falls back to the Earth. This place becomes cooler than the area around it. Because of the low pressure caused by the raising warm air, and the increased pressure caused by the falling cold air, this this patch of air travels back to the warm spot creating "wind." Since warm spots and cool spots change all the time, this is pretty fluid and dynamic... no specific spot any particular wind is from.
I learned all this in Elementry School, funny how this all-knoing god fails at what even young children know.
Edit: It seems as if this "all-knowing" god is supporter of the flat Earth society. He'd be a massive FAIL if he were to actually be the one to first propose the "Faith Based Flat Earth" belief.