In tonight's new episode of Mythbusters, Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman took aim at the arguments put forth by people who believed that NASA's history trip to the moon was staged and demolished them. Specifically:
1. The several photos "look faked." Busted! The first instance, in which shadows cast by lunar terrain appear non-perpendicular, is due to lunar topography; the second, dealing with an astronaut in the lunar module's shadow, is due to the lunar surface's high albedo.
2. The flag is waving, which "shouldn't happen on the moon." Busted! A flag moving on the momentum produced by its movement by human hands will actually move for a longer time in a vacuum than in an atmosphere due to the lack of air friction and such.
3. The famous lunar footprint is "too well-defined." Busted! Dry sand/dust on Earth does not leave a good footprint because the particles are eroded and do not stick together well. Dry lunar dust, however, is jagged, and sticks together much more easily, even when completely dry, than Earth dust.
4. The astronauts hopped around normally on a stage and the framerate was slowed down. Busted! Even slowing down the framerate would not erase all traces of Earth's strong gravitational pull.
And, to put the final nail in the conspiracy's coffin, Adam and Jamie shine a powerful laser onto the moon's surface where the astronauts left a reflector and confirm that humans have been on the moon.
Of course, this doesn't prove that the moon landing wasn't a hoax; it just shows that there's no evidence to think so. And how many times has that stopped anyone from believing crazy stuff?
Here's a Wikipedia mention of the episode: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MythBusters_(season_7)#Episode_104_-_NASA_Moon_Landing